Regional Differences in Attitudes That May Affect Health Behavior and Willingness to Participate in Research Among Black Seventh-day Adventists

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Objective: To identify the attitudes and perceptions of Black Seventh-day Adventists regarding health research and the healthcare system in two regions of the United States. Design: Church members were selected from those who participated in the Adventist Health Study-2 (AHS-2) and those who chose not to participate. Participants were selected from two regions of the United States. Setting: Participants were interviewed in their churches, in their homes, and in the research study office at Loma Linda University. Interviews were done in the Western and Southern regions of the United States. Participants: 384 Black Seventh-day Adventists, aged >30 years. Main Outcome Measures: Responses to the structured interviews from those in the Western region were compared to those in the Southern region. Results: Those in the Southern region included more elderly subjects; they were more likely to own their home despite earning less; and were more likely to be married. Compared to the Western region participants, we found Southern participants to have greater participation in church activities, greater mistrust of the healthcare system and particular concerns about racial inequalities in care. In contrast, they also reported more positive experiences with their personal healthcare provider than Western participants. Southerners felt that they had greater control over their own health, perhaps in part due to a greater identification with the health teachings of the Adventist church. Conclusions: A number of clear differences were found between Black Adventist subjects living in either the Western or Southern regions of the United States. These factors should be considered carefully when planning the promotion for a research study.
Lampkin, A., Yancey, A., Wilson, C., & Fraser, G. E. (2009). Regional differences in attitudes that may affect health behavior and willingness to participate in research among Black Seventh-day Adventists. Ethnicity & Disease, 19(4), 439–446.