Burdens on Caregivers of Patients With Stroke During a Pandemic: Relationships With Support Satisfaction, Psychological Distress, and Fear of Covid-19

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Background Caregivers have faced unprecedented circumstances throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, but previous research only minimally addresses the caregivers' burden. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the relationship between caregiver burden, psychological stress, satisfaction with support, and fear of COVID-19 in caregivers of patients with stroke during the pandemic. Methods A cross-sectional survey study with total of 171 caregivers of patients with stroke in a community hospital in Taiwan. All participants completed the Zarit Burden Interview, Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scale (DASS-21), satisfaction of support survey, and Fear of COVID-19 Scale. Pearson correlations were used to examine the bivariate correlations between study variables. Then, with the control of demographic confounders, a multiple linear regression model was applied with significant variables to construct and explain caregiver burden. Results The proposed model significantly explained the caregiver burden of caregivers of patients with stroke. Specifically, the caregiver burden was negatively correlated with satisfaction with family support, but positively with psychological distress and the fear of COVID-19. Conclusions Caregivers of patients with stroke will suffer a greater burden if they have lower satisfaction with family support, experienced higher psychological distress, and perceived more fear of the COVID-19 pandemic. Health professionals must address these concerns, support caregivers, and enhance available resources.
Liu, C.-H., Chen, Y.-J., Chen, J.-S., Fan, C.-W., Hsieh, M.-T., Lin, C.-Y., & Pakpour, A. H. (2022). Burdens on caregivers of patients with stroke during a pandemic: Relationships with support satisfaction, psychological distress, and fear of Covid-19. BMC Geriatrics, 22(1), 958-958. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12877-022-03675-3