Understanding the Concept of Geriatric Anesthesia and Its Implication in Clinical Practice: A Learning Module for Student Registered Nurse Anesthetists

Date
2016
Authors
Rolfsen Simpson, Kim
Uchegbu, Oluchi B.
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Abstract
Increase in longevity of the geriatric population, and increase in number of the group has led to an increased frequency of requirement for anesthesia management. A thorough understanding of the physiological changes associated with aging, the effect of aging on various body systems, the intricate medication management, and dosing as it relates to anesthesia practice all become very important. A thorough knowledge of the healthcare implications concerning the geriatric population would be an important tool for the Senior Registered Nurse Anesthetists (SRNA). The purpose of the project was to provide additional learning opportunities to Student Registered Nurse Anesthesia in clinical rotation as an addition to their knowledge base of adult anesthesia care. Grounded knowledge of the care of the geriatric involves a thorough understanding of all aspects of care for this population. The presentation of this learning module involved use of current anesthesia textbooks and journal articles on geriatric anesthesia, as well as the use of visual and audio aids to educate underclassmen. Focusing on the physiology and pathophysiology changes with aging. Understanding of the pharmacological problems associated with aging, the implication of inhalation anesthesia, and local anesthesia on aging were addressed by using current anesthesia literatures and journal articles. A pretest tool was used to evaluate the knowledge base of the SRNAs. A post-test was used to re-evaluate the knowledge base post presentation. Upon review of the pre-test and post-test statistical analysis it was identified that the educational module was instrumental in increasing the knowledge base of the SRNAs who participated in the study.
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