A Comparative Analysis of Work-Family Conflict among Staff, Managerial, and Executive Nurses

Raffenaud, Amanda
Unruh, Lynn
Fottler, Myron
Liu, Albert Xinliang
Andrews, Diane
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Background: Nurses frequently are caught between the demands of work and family. While studies have explored this issue among staff nurses, none have compared nurse leaders to staff nurses. This study compares work–family conflict (WFC) and family–work conflict (FWC) among staff, managerial, and executive nurses. Methods: In this survey design, 20% of registered nurses were randomly sampled across Florida with a 9% response rate. Survey questions included personal, professional, and work environment characteristics and perceptions of WFC/FWC. Analyses of variance tested the differences between- and within-group scores for WFC/FWC for staff, managerial, and executive nurses. Ordinary Least Squares regressions tested the relationships between personal, professional and work environment measures, focusing on the three different nursing roles, and WFC/FWC scores. Findings: Nurses experienced more WFC than FWC. Staff nurses experienced significantly less WFC than nurse managers and nurse executives (analysis of variance mean difference −0.881 and −2.693, respectively). Nonwhite nurses experienced more WFC and FWC than white nurses. Longer shift length predicted greater WFC. FWC was lower with paid leave for childbirth. Discussion: Higher WFC among nurse managers and executives may discourage nurses from taking on or staying in leadership roles. Efforts must be taken to decrease WFC/FWC among nurses in these roles.
Raffenaud, A., Unruh, L., Fottler, M., Liu, A. X., & Andrews, D. (2019). A comparative analysis of work-family conflict among staff, managerial, and executive nurses. Nursing Outlook, 68(2), 231-241. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.outlook.2019.08.003