Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

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    The Interprofessional Diabetes and Education Awareness (IDEA) Community Program
    ( 2017) Dunbar-Smalley, Sandra ; Feldman, Harvey A. ; Morrow-Nelson, Terry ; Vargas, Patricia ; Fritzinger-Hearn, Linda ; Levin, Andrea ; Nehmad, Leon ; Swann, Elizabeth
    This report describes the Interprofessional Diabetes and Education Awareness (IDEA) program that was developed in partnership with the Broward County American Diabetes Association and Nova Southeastern University Health Profession's Division. The intent of the program is to increase engagement and collaboration of students and faculty from multiple professions in providing free community education related to diabetes prevention and management. The education is provided to individuals who are interested in knowing about diabetes, or who actually have a diagnosis. The presentations are done through lecture, active learning, table top displays and discussions, in a variety of community venues throughout an academic year, with the goal of increasing community awareness and appropriate management of diabetes. The variety of presentation methods are available to address different health literacy and age levels. Interprofessional health care groups of faculty and students meet the goals of increasing team functioning awareness and collaboration, as well as increased knowledge of diabetes in the community, as indicated by student focus group results at the end of the academic year. Participant surveys also overwhelmingly reveal satisfaction with the community presentations. Information regarding program replication is available through our Train the Trainer Coordinator – Alison Herman Alison.herman@nova.edu.
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    Interprofessional Education: Theoretical and Practical Considerations for Occupational Therapy Educators
    ( 2017) Arvin, Mary K. ; George-Paschal, Lorrie A. ; Pitonyak, Jennifer S. ; Dunbar-Smalley, Sandra
    Interprofessional education (IPE) is an integral part of occupational therapy education as programs across the United States incorporate IPE into existing courses and develop new, innovative curricula. The American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA) Commission on Education (COE) proposed in its 2015 position paper on IPE in occupational therapy curricula, that IPE is imperative for effective and ethical practice in today’s healthcare environment. Through participation in a Scholarship of Teaching and Learning program focusing on IPE, the authors examined broad constructs and practical implementation of IPE in occupational therapy education. As occupational therapy educators explore opportunities to collaborate with a diverse range of professions, this article provides information about key conceptual frameworks, approaches for faculty training and development, and methods for evaluating IPE outcomes.
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    The Transition from Nonoral to Oral Feeding in Children
    ( 1991) Dunbar-Smalley, Sandra ; Jarvis, Ada H. ; Breyer, Marty
    In this single-subject study, an evaluation was completed to determine the effect of occupational therapy intervention on the oral intake of 3 children who had their nutritional needs met by nonoral methods prior to the administration of an oral feeding program. Treatment consisted of a gradual increase of food presentation with the application of behavioral management methods and the presentation of developmentally appropriate play activities. Oral intake was measured during baseline and intervention phases to establish the effect of intervention. An analysis indicated an increase in oral intake in the intervention phase in 2 of the 3 children. The results, that occupational therapy intervention can increase the oral intake of children in transition from nonoral to oral feeding, might be strengthened through the replication of this study on larger populations.
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    A Child’s Occupational Performance: Considerations of Sensory Processing and Family Context
    ( 1999) Dunbar-Smalley, Sandra
    Sensory processing problems can be serious enough to affect a child’s performance in school and home environments but often go undetected or are misunderstood. Poor sensory processing can affect a child’s ability to successfully perform daily activities because of its effect on cognitive, sensory, and motor development. The relationship of sensory processing to children’s occupational performance in their daily lives is an important consideration.
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    A Developmental Screening Program in Primary Health Care: Meeting the Challenges of Children in Low-income Families
    ( 1999) Dunbar-Smalley, Sandra ; Reed, Carol Niman
    Early identification of developmental variances among young children is important for securing adequate intervention in a timely manner During the lost decade, mandated programs have increased the availability of early intervention services. Although early intervention services have increased, many children with mild developmental and behavioral problems are still undetected or do not get referred to an early intervention program until the problems increase. Initial visits to a primary-care center are often the first opportunity for professionals to assess the developmental status of young children. This is an ideal opportunity for screening, parent education, and direct intervention. The following article describes a program designed to provide early identification of developmental and behavioral problems of children who are at risk because of poverty. The three-tier approach provides general observations of child behaviors, a structured play group, and developmental screening and/or formal assessment. Program outcomes and implications are discussed also.