Browsing AHU Faculty Scholarship by Title
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- ItemAdriatic Sea(Yale University Press, 1992) Stefanović, Zdravko
- ItemAnother Plan for Daniel’s Book: A Proposal(Universidad Peruana Union, 2015) Stefanović, Zdravko
- ItemThe Aramaic of Daniel in the light of Old Aramaic(JOST Press, 1992) Stefanović, Zdravko
- ItemAssessing Information Literacy Skills and Library Anxiety of First-year Occupational Therapy Graduate Students(2021) Moghimi, Christine; Rickelman, Mary C.In today’s academic environment, students equipped with self-regulated learning and information literacy (IL) skills have an excellent opportunity for professional success given the current information-based practices in health care. Purposefully providing IL instruction to students early in their coursework will help them develop competent research skills applicable to their remaining studies and scholarly projects. Along with IL challenges, students can experience “library anxiety,” which the literature identifies as a contributing factor to poor academic performance. This study explored components of library anxiety in Master of Occupational Therapy (MOT) students and identified opportunities for IL training that could help students become more confident and proficient in analyzing research publications. The study was embedded in a class assignment, that had the students, in small groups, connect with a university librarian for a one-hour research consultation and review of library resources. Participants in the study completed a pre- and post-survey of 17 questions utilizing a 4-point Likert scale. The results indicated that the students experienced significant positive change in their confidence level with utilization of research tools. Results also showed that students had increased comfort in seeking help while using the university library. The study suggests that the students’ ability to find and assess quality research material will only improve with practice. Despite the availability of new technology that does not necessitate human contact to facilitate research, face-to-face interactions are the most effective mode of communication for questions that are involved and complex, such as graduate students’ scholarly projects.
- ItemAssessing the Spatial Pattern of Iron in Well Water from a Small Central Florida Community(Journal of water and health, 2018-02) Hudgins, Jason; Lambert, Nicholas; Duranceau, Steven; Butler, J. RussellIron is one of the most common elements in the Earth's crust, which corresponds to it being a common constituent in drinking water supplies. Residents of Bithlo, an unincorporated community in east-central Florida, have observed that their drinking water tastes like metal and stains clothing and teeth. An evaluation of water samples collected from over 200 private drinking water wells revealed iron concentrations that exceeded the US Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) secondary standard of 0.3 mg/L. Households with and without point-of-entry treatment were found to have over three times (0.92 mg/L) and ten times (3.86 mg/L) more iron than the EPA's secondary standard, respectively. The human health-based threshold of 4.2 mg/L established by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention was exceeded in 38.6% of untreated residences. Community-wide statistical and spatial water-quality trends were developed by combining the collected well water quality data with historically available water quality reports. Spatial analyses revealed that greater than 99% of the Bithlo community's private household supplies would exceed the EPA's drinking water secondary standard.
- ItemAssessing therapeutic communication during rehabilitation: The Clinical Assessment of Modes(2016) Fan, Chia-Wei; Taylor, Renee R.OBJECTIVE. This study applied Rasch analysis to test four versions of the Clinical Assessment of Modes (CAM), an assessment based on Taylor’s Intentional Relationship Model: CAM–P, which assesses clients’ pretreatment preferences; CAM–E, clients’ treatment experience; CAM–T, therapists’ self-reported perspective; and CAM–O, an observer rating scale. METHOD. The CAM–P was administered to 63 inpatients. The CAM–E was administered to 110 inpatients and outpatients. Trained raters rated therapists’ modes with 59 inpatients and outpatients on the CAM–O. The CAM–T was administered to 38 therapists. Analyses of reliability and validity were conducted. RESULTS. The CAM demonstrated adequate construct validity. All versions showed acceptable internal consistency and unidimensionality within each of the subscales. Disorder between the 5 points on the ordinal rating scale was found for the client measures (CAM–P, CAM–E) and was resolved by modifying the ratings to encompass a 4-point scale. CONCLUSION. The four CAM versions are reliable and valid measures of therapeutic communication in rehabilitation.
- ItemAtypical Mitogen-activated Protein Kinase Phosphatase Implicated in Regulating Transition from Pre-S-Phase Asexual Intraerythrocytic Development of Plasmodium falciparum(Eukaryotic Cell, 2013) Balu, Bharath; Campbell, Christopher; Sedillo, Jennifer; Maher, Steven; Singh, Naresh; Thomas, Phaedra; Zhang, Min; Pance, Alena; Otto, Thomas D.; Rayner, Julian C.; Adams, John H.Intraerythrocytic development of the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum appears as a continuous flow through growth and proliferation. To develop a greater understanding of the critical regulatory events, we utilized piggyBac insertional mutagenesis to randomly disrupt genes. Screening a collection of piggyBac mutants for slow growth, we isolated the attenuated parasite C9, which carried a single insertion disrupting the open reading frame (ORF) of PF3D7_1305500. This gene encodes a protein structurally similar to a mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) phosphatase, except for two notable characteristics that alter the signature motif of the dual-specificity phosphatase domain, suggesting that it may be a low-activity phosphatase or pseudophosphatase. C9 parasites demonstrated a significantly lower growth rate with delayed entry into the S/M phase of the cell cycle, which follows the stage of maximum PF3D7_1305500 expression in intact parasites. Genetic complementation with the full-length PF3D7_1305500 rescued the wild-type phenotype of C9, validating the importance of the putative protein phosphatase PF3D7_1305500 as a regulator of pre-S-phase cell cycle progression in P. falciparum.
- ItemBehavior of Model Ionic Compounds under Thermospray Liquid/Liquid Extraction Conditions(1997) Farrell, E. Sebastian; Pacey, Gilbert E.Our previously reported procedure for the extraction of semivolatile and nonvolatile organic compounds from aqueous samples by thermospray liquid/liquid extraction was extended to the extraction of charged organic compounds from water. By thermally disrupting or extricating the solvation shell of hydrated ions, the thermospray process facilitates the extraction of these analytes from the aqueous matrix. The effects of probe temperature, probe flow rate, and sample pH on the extraction efficiency of model compounds such as phenylalanine, benzoate ion, p-toluenesulfonate ion, and naphthalenetrisulfonic acid trisodium salt were investigated. Under optimized conditions, the percent recoveries for these compounds were 95, 97, 91, and 13%, respectively.
- ItemBlack Art Posters, an Incentive to Increase Study Enrollment Among Blacks in a Large Cohort Study(2008) Yancey, Antronette K.; Herring, Patti; Fraser, Gary E.; Yan, Ru; Baker, Phyllip; Lampkin, Andy; Kyle, JamesObjective: Black art posters were offered to replace or augment the established $10 incentive for questionnaire completion in a longitudinal cohort study. Method: Eighty-one churches located in the US southern region were divided between two intervention groups, with a control group of 24 churches from the same region. Primary outcome measures were study enrollment rates and questionnaire return rates between December 2003 and July 2004 as a proportion of church goal. Results: 9.3% of participants returning questionnaires selected a poster in preference to $10. Half of participants offered both monetary and art incentives indicated a poster selection. Crude questionnaire return rates were 57.4% for the pooled intervention churches and 38.2% for the control churches. Enrollment rates among those offered both incentives were significantly higher (p < 0.01) than when monetary incentives alone were offered after adjustment for church size, promotional dates, and average income of church members. Survey return rates were also higher in the churches offered both incentives (p = 0.04). Conclusion: These data suggest that the black art posters improved study enrollment and survey return rates. The relatively low rate of poster selection suggests that the art primarily influenced participation indirectly, by creating a more culturally inclusive image of the study.
- ItemBreast(Elsevier, 2018) Rada, Deziree
- ItemBridging East and West: Joseph Wolff’s Vision of a Global Advent Mission(1000 Missionary Movement Publications, 1992) Stefanović, Zdravko; Fernandez, Gil G.
- ItemCan Latin America Prosper by Reducing the Size of Government?(2009) Lizardo, Radhames; Mollick, Andre VarellaThis article examines the effect of government consumption on economic growth in 23 Latin American countries over the years 1974–2003. Employing the Armey Curve, we show that the typical Latin American government is spending beyond the optimal point. Using panel data and a fixed effects (FE) model, we find that increases in government consumption lead to unambiguous decreases in economic growth.
- ItemCarotid Artery Disease(Elsevier, 2014) Mumbert, Kelly A.
- ItemCentral Nervous System Acting Drugs in Treatment of Migraine Headache(2012) Samsam, MohtashemMigraine is a primary headache disorder with an unknown pathophysiology. The growing evidence in recent years indicates migraine being a brain disorder, a sensory dysmodulation, and a system failure of normal sensory processing of the brainstem that involves the vascular tone and pain. At the moment, triptan family and NSAIDs are the first choice drugs for the treatment of acute migraine. There are several prophylactic drugs including the antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), betablockers, and Ca2+ channel blockers that are used for the treatment of migraine. Although many drugs including the triptans, NSAIDs, and others target the peripheral sites of activation, several novel drugs are being developed to target neural sites of action in the central nervous system (CNS). The first trigeminal synapses in the brain stem as well as the ascending and descending pathways and higher brain centers are involved in the transmission of pain and therefore be the main targets of several drugs some of which are in clinical trials. Central sensitization may also aggravate the headache and some drugs tend to alleviate pain by targeting neurotransmitters, receptors, or signalling molecules involved in this phenomenon. This article discusses the CNS acting novel drugs and those that are currently in use for the treatment of migraine.
- ItemChange in the Ileum Bacterial Population of Turkey Fed Different Diets and after Infection with Salmonella as Setermined with Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis Analysis of Amplified 16S Ribosomal DNA(2008) Santos, Anael A. Jr; Ferket, P. R.; Santos, F. B. O.; Nakamura, N.; Collier, C.Changes in ileal bacterial populations of Salmonella-infected turkeys fed different diets were analyzed by using 16S-V3 PCR denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis. Turkeys raised on litter flooring were fed wheat- and corn-based diets with and without enzyme preparations (XY1 and XY2, respectively) from 0 to 126 d. Preparation XY1 contained exclusively endoxylanase, whereas preparation XY2 contained endoxylanase, protease, and α-amylase (Danisco, Wiltshire, UK). The dietary activity levels of XY1 and XY2 were 2,500 and 650 endo-1,4-β-xylanase units/kg of feed, respectively. Microbial DNA was extracted from the ileal content of 16-wk-old turkeys, and the 16S rDNA gene was amplified by PCR and analyzed by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis. Diversity indexes, including richness (number of species, S), evenness (relative distribution of species, EH), diversity (using Shannon's index, H′), and Sorenson's pairwise similarities coefficient (measures the species in common between different habitats, Cs) were calculated. Additionally, diversity indexes were associated with Salmonella prevalence determined from fresh fecal droppings collected from each pen. On the basis of contrast analysis, the wheat-based diets resulted in higher microbial diversity indexes than the corn-based diets (S = 10 vs. 12; EH = 0.9 vs. 0.8; H′ = 2.2 vs. 1.9, P < 0.05). Likewise, enzyme supplementation stimulated growth of the microbiota and increased the diversity indexes in comparison with unsupplemented treatments (S = 13 vs. 10; EH = 0.9 vs. 0.8; H′ = 2.2 vs. 1.9, P < 0.05). Salmonella prevalence was higher (P < 0.05) at 15 wk in turkeys fed the corn-based diet (Salmonella prevalence = 50%) than in turkeys fed the corn-enzyme (Salmonella prevalence = 13%) and wheat-based (Salmonella prevalence = 0%) dietary treatments. Therefore, contrast analysis showed that birds fed the corn control diet had lower microbiota diversity but higher Salmonella prevalence than birds fed the enzyme-supplemented and wheat-based diets. In contrast, birds fed the wheat-based diets had higher diversity but lower Salmonella prevalence than birds fed the corn-based diets. High dietary nonstarch polysaccharides from wheat and dietary exogenous enzyme supplementation promoted microbial community diversity and apparently discouraged Salmonella colonization through competitive exclusion. Nonstarch polysaccharides and dietary exogenous enzyme supplementation may be practical tools to control enteric pathogens and benefit the intestinal health and food safety of the birds.
- ItemA Child’s Occupational Performance: Considerations of Sensory Processing and Family Context(1999) Dunbar-Smalley, SandraSensory processing problems can be serious enough to affect a child’s performance in school and home environments but often go undetected or are misunderstood. Poor sensory processing can affect a child’s ability to successfully perform daily activities because of its effect on cognitive, sensory, and motor development. The relationship of sensory processing to children’s occupational performance in their daily lives is an important consideration.
- ItemChinese Manual of the Model of Human Occupation Screening Tool (MOHOST)(School of Occupational Therapy, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, 2009) Fan, Chia-Wei; Pan, Ay-Woan
- ItemClinical Assessment of Modes - Client Outcomes Version (CAM-C2): Communicating with Your Therapist(University of Illinois at Chicago, Department of Occupational Therapy, 2013) Taylor, Renee R.; Wong, S.; Fan, Chia-Wei; Kjellber, A.; Alfredsson-Agren, K.; Andersson, E.; Zubel, B.
- ItemClinical Assessment of Modes - Client Outcomes Version (CAM-C2): Communicating with Your Therapist (Spanish Version)(University of Illinois at Chicago, Department of Occupational Therapy, 2013) Fan, Chia-Wei; Taylor, Renee R.; Wong, S.; Zubel, B.
- ItemClinical Assessment of Modes - Client Preferences Version (CAM-C1): Communicating with Your Therapist(University of Illinois at Chicago, Department of Occupational Therapy, 2013) Taylor, Renee R.; Wong, S.; Fan, Chia-Wei; Kjellber, A.; Alfredsson-Agren, K.; Andersson, E.; Zubel, B.